Readers ask: What Is My Family Doctor Looking For In My Urine Sample?

What can doctors detect from a urine sample?

Doctors request a urine test to help diagnose and treat a range of conditions including kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes and infections. Testing urine is also used to screen people for illicit drug use and to test if a woman is pregnant.

Why does Doctor ask for urine sample?

Why does my urine need to be tested? Urine, produced by the kidneys, contains filtered water, electrolytes and cells, amongst other things. Testing urine allows your doctor to see how your kidneys and urinary system are functioning, or identify substances in your body.

When doctors take a urine sample Do they check for drugs?

A urine drug screen, or urine drug test, can detect the presence of drugs in a person’s system. Urine screens are the most common method of drug testing. They are painless, easy, quick, and cost-effective. They can also check for both illegal and prescription drugs.

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What are the abnormalities in urine?

Abnormal urine color may be caused by infection, disease, medicines, or food you eat. Cloudy or milky urine is a sign of a urinary tract infection, which may also cause a bad smell. Milky urine may also be caused by bacteria, crystals, fat, white or red blood cells, or mucus in the urine.

What should you not do before a urine test?

For 24 hours prior to collecting the specimen, you should avoid strenuous exercise as well as the following substances and drugs:

  • Acetaminophen.
  • Alcohol.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Aspirin.
  • Caffeine.
  • Vitamin B.

What is a positive urine test?

An increased number of WBCs seen in the urine under a microscope and/or positive test for leukocyte esterase may indicate an infection or inflammation somewhere in the urinary tract. If also seen with bacteria (see below), they indicate a likely urinary tract infection.

Why do doctors ask you to pee in a cup?

Why It’s Done A urine culture is used to diagnose a urinary tract infection (UTI) and see what kinds of germs are causing it. The doctor may order a urine culture if your child: complains of a painful sensation when peeing. feels the urge to pee frequently but doesn’t produce much urine (also called urgency)

Can I drink water before urine test?

Some people might drink lots of water to stay healthy or ensure they can give enough urine. Certain medications and kidney problems can also cause urine dilution. To prevent urine dilution, limit water and diuretic intake before administering the test.

Can urine test detect kidney infection?

To confirm that you have a kidney infection, you’ll likely be asked to provide a urine sample to test for bacteria, blood or pus in your urine. Your doctor might also take a blood sample for a culture — a lab test that checks for bacteria or other organisms in your blood.

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Does a failed drug test go on your medical record?

According to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), “if the results of a drug test reveal the presence of a lawfully prescribed drug or other medical information, such information must be treated as a confidential medical record.” As a best practice, all drug test results should be filed in a confidential

Do they check your pockets before a drug test?

The collector will ask you to empty your pockets, remove outer garments (e.g., coveralls, jacket, coat, and hat), leave briefcases, purses, and bags behind, and wash your hands. The collector will ensure that the water in the toilet or tank has bluing (coloring) agent in it.

What are abnormal urine test results?

Abnormal pH levels may indicate a kidney or urinary tract disorder. Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine. A higher than normal concentration often is a result of not drinking enough fluids.

What is an abnormal substance in urine?

Abnormal: A very high specific gravity means very concentrated urine, which may be caused by not drinking enough fluid, loss of too much fluid (excessive vomiting, sweating, or diarrhea), or substances (such as sugar or protein) in the urine.

Why do I have white blood cells in my urine but no infection?

Sterile pyuria It is possible to have white blood cells in the urine without a bacterial infection. Sterile pyuria refers to the persistent presence of white blood cells in the urine when no bacteria are found to be present by laboratory examination.

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